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Ref NoALT/9/1
TitleBoard of Health
DescriptionInformation relating to the Township of Altrincham surveyed for the purposes of the Local Board of Health 1852
AbstractIn 1850 the census indicated a population of over 4,400. The first Public Health Act was passed in 1848 and in 1850 a Petition was presented to the General Board of Health asking for an Inquiry to be held with a view to the application of the Act to Altrincham. The petition was signed by Francis Orton, Altrincham, E.J.Lloyd, Oldfield Hall and 153 others. The superintending Inspector of the Board Mr. Robert Rawlinson held the Inquiry at the Unicorn Inn. Altrincham Board of Health was formed in 1851, the first Board consisted of Richard Broadbent (Surgeon) Dunham Road (Chairman), Richard Barratt (Malster) Market Place, Robert Bennett Norman's Place, Jesse Blew The Downs, Edward Joynson, The Downs, Thomas Marsden Norman's Place, William M. Millington, Dunham Road, John Mort Church Street and William Warren George Street (timber merchant). The Board realized that there would have to be a good plan of the town showing all existing conditions and details as the old Tithe Map was very defective for Local Government purposes. They invited tenders for the survey maps, sections, tracings and details of the town. This was signed by Isaac Turton, Clerk dated May 14th 1851. Mr. Charles Edward Cawley a prominent Civil Engineer submitted a tender which became acceptable. Associated with him was Mr. John Newton who had been his articled pupil and subsequently his professional partner. Mr.Newton was largely responsible for the survey from which the map was produced. The Board of Health lasted until 1895 when the Urban District Council was formed.
Mr. Broadbent and Mr. Robinson surgeons gave evidence as to the sanitary state of the town.They reported that Typhus fever prevails more or less in the town every year and not infrequently with great severity, as also dysentry and other complaints of the bowels. These diseases they find, originate almost always in the low lodging houses and in the dirty, unpaved, undrained and ill ventilated squares and alleys inhabited by the working classes, from which typhus fever often of a malignant character spreads to the better streets and affects the shopkeepers and others. The town of Altrincham situated as it is on the slope of a hill composed of red sand and gravel, of great depth and having no manufactures carried on within the town, ought to be a singularly healthful place. The plans furnished in this report will show the faulty arrangement of the cottages, yards, middens and privies. Hope-square, New-Street, is an enclosed yard , unpaved and undrained. The open middens are pits, several yards in depth, bricked round and divided into compartments. The refuse of a year or more is thrown into these places. The plan of cottages in Victoria Street shows the position of two cottages, manure heaps, pigsties, midden, privy and pump.

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